American Football – The Tremendous Passion That Americans Live With


American Football – The Tremendous Passion That Americans Live With

One knows American football as football, also as Gridiron in USA and Canada. Two teams with 11 players each play this game on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense team possesses the ball and advances towards the goalpost by running and passing the ball. The Defense team aims to stop the advance and tries to take control of the ball.

The game evolved in the USA, origination from the sport of rugby. Rutgers and Princeton, the 2 college teams played the first American football match on 11/06/1869. A set of rule changes happened from 1880 by Walter Camp, the “Father of American Football”. The changes included the snap, the line of scrimmage, 11 players teams and the concept of downs.

The most popular forms of the game are professional and college football, high school being another major level. More than 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play this game annually in the USA.

Teams And Positions

A team can substitute any number of players between the downs. A player must wear a uniform numbered between 1-99. Although men play this sport predominantly, women are also eligible at the high school, college and professional level.

American Football – The Tremendous Passion That Americans Live With

American Football – The Tremendous Passion That Americans Live With

The offensive team’s line up has to have a legal formation. There cannot be more than 4 players in the backfield. Also, there cannot be less than 5 players (numbered 50-79) on the offensive line. The quarterback is the leader of the offense calls the plays. The halfback mainly holds the ball on running plays. They also act as receivers. The fullback is larger than halfback and mainly acts as a blocker. However, sometimes they play the role of a runner in a short-yardage situation. There are two prime receivers, wide receivers and tight ends. Wide receivers mainly catch the passes while tight ends function as both blocker and receiver.

The defensive team’s main job is to prevent the offensive team from scoring. The defensive line has defensive ends and defensive tacklers. Their main job is to stop the running plays on the outside and inside, respectively. There are also linebackers, cornerbacks, and safeties positions in a defensive team.

Rules Of American Football

With a player scoring a touchdown, a team receives six points. One can score a touchdown by taking the ball into the endzone. One can also score by catching a pass while being in the end zone. A successful kick from anywhere on the pitch any time will result in a field goal for three points. For a successful kick, the ball has to pass between the upright posts. Also, the defensive team wins two points of safety by tackling an attacking opponent in their end zone.

American Football – The Tremendous Passion That Americans Live With

American Football – The Tremendous Passion That Americans Live With

In American football, a game lasts for 4 quarters of 15 mins each. There are 2 breaks of 2 minutes each between first and second quarter and third and fourth quarter. Also, a 15 minutes break is there between second and third quarter (halftime).

Each team gets 4 downs to score 10 or more yards. Once a team gains the required yards, the downs and the yardage reset. If a team fails to make the yardage after 4 downs, it will result in a turnover. A coin toss decides which team will receive the ball first and which side they will start from.

Leagues And Tournaments

The National Football League (NFL) and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) are the prime competitions of American Football. Besides, there are events like National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC). The winners of NFC and AFC meet each other in a contest, namely Super Bowl. NCAA has 3 divisions, Division I, II and III. However, Division I again has 2 subdivisions, Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) and Football Championship Subdivision (FCS).

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter